Autism spectrum disorder is a condition associated with brain development that affects how a person perceives and socializes with others, causing problems with interaction and social communication. The disorder also involves limited and repetitive patterns of behaviors. Symptoms may be a little delayed, or parents may ignore them, but early detection contributes to focusing on other skills for the child that can be exploited in the future.
Autism is one of the diseases that can be diagnosed at an early age for children, even in the first months of a child’s life, and parents can by noticing some small signs, distance their child from the dangers of this mental disorder, which affects the child’s social relationships, communication, and interaction with society later. Signs of autism begin to appear in most children with it before the age of three, and the child may develop autism and its symptoms do not appear before he is two years old, meaning that the child grows normally and then suddenly loses some of his mental skills, and becomes less able to acquire new skills like his peers in His age is the same.
signs of autism
The most important signs of autism are the child’s lack of awareness of the world around him, avoidance of physical contact and eye contact, and also the delay in acquiring language skills.
1.The child does not show interest in others
A child with autism is introverted, and does not interact or play with others around him, even his parents; He may even react violently towards those who try to play with him, as he does not answer those who call him, ignores other children, and is not curious about discovering new things around him.
2.weird facial expressions
A child with autism appears to have some physical signs, such as constantly turning his eyes away from the speaker and not looking into his eyes, and he may not respond to human images in front of him, and he may not show expressions such as smiling and laughing.
3.The child hates many things
A child with autism hates many things around him, such as loud noises, wearing some pieces of clothing, such as socks, pants, belts, and hats, and he may hate his parents touching or kissing him.
4.Lack of social skills
A child with autism faces difficulty in interacting with others. Problems with social skills are one of the most common signs, and they may want to have close relationships but don’t know-how. Some children with autism have good social relationships with adults, but at the same time, they cannot build the same relationship with their peers at the same age.
A child with autism may be delayed until after two years, and he may learn to speak at the same age as his peers, but he is reluctant to speak, or he may repeat the same words over and over without developing his linguistic knowledge.
The child can be observed repeatedly spinning in the same place, or swinging repeatedly, as it may appear through the way he plays and moves his body, fingers, and head as he repeats his movements a few times, and other motor behaviors different from his peers.
The child may reach the first or second year without being able to walk or sit, and does not differentiate between going up and downstairs, and has difficulty estimating the distance when walking, and may suffer from poor coordination between his body movements, and grasping things with his hands.
8.He plays with unconventional things
A child with autism continually leaves play, and other things attract him to play
9.Inability to express what he wants
The child may be unable to express what he wants and uses the sign instead of speaking, at the age of two years. For example, if he wants water, he does not ask for it with explicit or alternative words that carry the same meaning, but he insists on the mother reaching the refrigerator to bring water.
A normal child can suffer from any symptom, but their combined presence or the presence of more than one symptom in the child serves as an alarm bell for the family to deal with the disease.